This report analyzes "ninth-grade course performance indicators." These indicators are seen as good predictive measures for high school graduation amongst the overall student population. The authors examine whether these indicators have the same predictive ability with ELs. The authors differentiate between long-term ELs, students identified as ELs before sixth grade, and new ELs, students identified as ELs after the sixth grade.
Graduation and Dropout Rates
English Learner Identification