This study examined language use and language ability factors that predict phonological whole-word proximity in young Spanish-English-speaking children. Participants were 199 Latino children aged 3;0-6;6 (years;months) and their mothers. The children's speech sound production in English and Spanish, and their vocabulary and story retelling abilities were assessed. A parent survey was used to determine language exposure and use. Results indicated that language use, vocabulary, and phonological whole-word proximity in one language are significant factors in predicting bilingual children's whole-word proximity in English and Spanish. Their phonological abilities in one language were highly predictive of those same abilities in the other language.
Home Environment and Language Practices
Dual Language Programs