Reading Achievement Of English Language Learners Who Participated In The Response To Intervention Model

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Ybarra, Christine; Jung, Adrian; Cote, Debra
NABE Journal of Research and Practice
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Published Date
07-27-2015 3:55 PM
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The purpose of this study was to determine if English Language Learner (ELL) reading achievement scores could be related to the group's participation in Response to Intervention (RTI). RTI addresses the challenges many public schools face as they seek the best methods for teaching reading and language while facing a nationally significant growth in the population of ELL students. This quantitative study utilized a repeated-measures design with English proficiency as the one between-groups factor and California Standardized Test (CST) as the one repeated-measures factor with two levels. The data were gathered from CSTs for the 2009-2010 and 2010-2011 school years. Each research question was answered with descriptive statistics gathered from a general linear model ANOVA to determine if there was a statistically significant relationship between participation in RTI and ELL reading achievement scores. As a result of the data analyzed for this study, students who are English Language Learners and also participants in the RTI model demonstrated a relationship between their participation in RTI and reading achievement. To support effective implementation practices for RTI, school administrators can use the descriptive data found in this study to consider possible RTI implementation options. The results of this study indicated that RTI was a beneficial practice for ELL students. Further study is needed to address the decline in test scores for both ELL and EO students in grade 3. District administrators can use the results of the study to address curricular needs for ELLs during the first year of schooling between the scaffolded grade 2 administration of the CST and the independently read grade 3 administration of the CST. The results of this study are significant for ELLs and the schools that serve them. Schools similar to those that participated in this study can glean important information about RTI implementation and the effect it has on ELL students and their reading achievement. Administrators and school leaders can consider the data presented in this study and the interpretation of the results and construct a similar RTI model or begin implementation of an RTI model that will ultimately be beneficial to the ELL population in schools.
Response to Intervention
Program Design and Implementation
Language Proficiency
English Learners
English Learners