Integrating Language and Content Instruction: Strategies and Techniques.
Short, Deborah J.
National Clearinghouse for Bilingual Education, Washington, DC.
No of pages:
An integrated approach to effective English as a Second Language (ESL) instruction is presented that bridges the gap between content-based language instruction and language-sensitive content instruction. This approach focuses on the use of multiple media, the enhancement of student's cognitive skills, and a student-centered organization of instruction. Strategies and techniques for middle and high school language and content teachers who wish to use an integrated approach are described. They are: (1) preparing for the integrated approach; (2) helping the limited English proficient (LEP) student adjust to the classroom; (3) adjusting teaching style; (4) teaching multilevel classes; (5) motivating students and providing background knowledge; (6) adapting traditional ESL techniques to the content classroom; (7) meeting the student's cognitive processing academic needs; and (8) checking student comprehension of content. Suggestions are offered for developing lesson plans, including a lesson plan format and sample lessons. (mlr)