National Clearinghouse for Bilingual Education Silver Spring, MD.
No of pages:
This paper discusses the 1988 reauthorization of the original Bilingual Education Act of 1968 (P.L. 100-297). The major changes in the Bilingual Education Act are: (1) up to 25 percent of Part A funds (instead of 4 percent of all funds) can be used to fund special alternative instructional programs; (2) student participation in a transitional bilingual or special alternative program is limited to three years, although this can be extended two more years under special circumstances; (3) the State educational agency grant minimum of $50,000 was raised to $75,000; (4) transitional bilingual education, special alternative instruction, and developmental bilingual education programs may engage exclusively in preservice activities during the first 12 months of their grants; (5) at least 500 graduate fellowships are to be awarded each year; (6) grants for instructional materials development are discontinued; (7) the Condition of Bilingual Education Report is discontinued; and (8) the National Advisory and Coordinating Council on Bilingual Education is eliminated. General funding provisions of the Act are listed. Programs eligible for Part A funding include transitional bilingual education programs, developmental bilingual education programs, special alternative instructional programs, academic excellence programs, family English literacy programs, and special populations programs. Activities funded under Part B include data collection on limited-English- proficient (LEP) persons and educational services available to them; evaluation of Title VII programs; research to improve the effectiveness of bilingual education programs; and data and information collection, analysis, and dissemination on bilingual education. Part C funds the following activities: establishment, operation, and improvement of training programs for bilingual/special alternative educational personnel; training of professionals to teach educational personnel; promotion of reform, innovation, and improvement of graduate education curricula, the structure of the academic profession, and education faculty recruitment; inservice training and technical assistance to parents and educators participating in bilingual or special alternative programs; and operation of short-term training institutes for educational personnel. Part D spells out the administrative duties of the Office of Bilingual Education and Minority Affairs and its director. The full text of P.L. 100-297 is appended. (JWK)