Integrating Language and Content Instruction for Language Minority Students.
Crandall, JoAnn Spanos, George Christian, Donna Simich-Dudgeon, Carmen Willetts, Karen
National Clearinghouse for Bilingual Education Wheaton, MD.
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This paper, part of the NCBE Teacher Resource Guide Series, is an outgrowth of several projects undertaken by the Center for Applied Linguistics in collaboration with elementary, secondary, and college teachers in both language and content areas. Its purpose is to introduce teachers and administrators to approaches for combining language and content instruction in English as a second language (ESL), bilingual education, foreign language, and mainstream classes; and to provide suggestions and resources for implementing these approaches. The guide is based on research into the language skills required for mathematics and science learning, development of math-language and science problem-solving materials, and the designing of a content-based ESL curriculum for grades K-6. Integrating language and content may be accomplished in three ways: (1) Develop one content-area lesson; (2) develop a unit in one academic area; or (3) develop a content-based ESL or sheltered English curriculum. Factors critical to the successful implementation of this approach include administrative support and the involvement of mainstream teachers. One sample science lesson and two math lessons are provided. Fifteen references are cited. (JWK)