President Lyndon B. Johnson passed the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA) in 1965 in order to improve educational opportunities for children from low socio-economic backgrounds. ESEA typically passes through review in Congress every five years and has been reauthorized eight times: in 1968, 1972, 1978, 1983, 1989, 1994, 1999, and most recently, in 2001. Presently, the law is under review again.
Recommendations for the reauthorization have been proposed by both the U.S. Department of Education and other professional organizations and experts. A number of these recommendations are specific to Title III or to ELL students. As a service to educators and interested parties, NCELA has made available below a number of these recommendations. The appearance of a recommendation below does not constitute endorsement, and readers are advised to bear in mind that the ultimate wording of the legislation is subject to a vote by both the House of Representatives and the Senate.
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U.S. Department of Education
U.S. Department of Education recommendations on reauthorization, including:
Testimony before the Senate Health, Education, Labor and Pensions Committee by Dr. Charlene Rivera, April 28 on the importance of addressing the needs of ELLs in the standards and assessments and the reauthorization of ESEA.
Testimony before the Senate Health, Education, Labor and Pensions Committee by Dr. Michael Hinojosa, April 29, on the critical need for teaching and learning with ELLs.